What are Eating Disorders? Different Types of Eating Disorder

In a society where the concept of ‘beauty is adjudged solely through the biased lens of visual appeal, almost everyone worries about his or her weight at least now and then.

Many people, especially youngsters, take such concerns to dietary extremes and acquire abnormal eating habits that threaten their well-being and even their lives.

In a populated country that battles a high percentage of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, disorders related to eating are often overlooked or considered insignificant.

Habitual dieting is usually considered normal, thereby concealing the dark side of dieting such as binge, anorexia and bulimia are different types of eating disorders. Such eating disorders are on the rise among teenagers for whom self-esteem is linked closely to body image.

Typically, we tend to underestimate the fact that eating disorders are serious illnesses with health consequences that may include anemia, low blood pressure, kidney and heart malfunction, type 2 diabetes, and nutrient deficiency.

Teenagers with eating disorders tend to be more prone to mental issues such as substance abuse, which invariably aggravate eating disorders leading to a vicious cycle.

Although the causes of eating disorders in teens may vary, research conducted by the department of psychology of the University of Birmingham and the University of Sheffield concluded that the present study supports a model where increased stress (i.e. stressors and maladaptive coping) results in low self-esteem, which in turn leads to more disturbed eating attitudes.

There is a number of therapy & treatment centers available for men and women with binge eating disorders treatment, anorexia disorders treatment, and bulimia disorders treatment.

Eating disorders often begin in adolescence when teens experience sudden changes in their bodies, hormones, and peer groups. A transformation within and an alteration in the environment at home or school may initiate the onset of stress.

A misdirected attempt to control some part of the change or to cope with new feelings or unexpected experiences may trigger an eating disorder. Currently, the most common eating disorders among teenagers are as follows.

Different Types of Eating Disorder

Different Types of Eating Disorders:

1. Anorexia:

Restraining food intake by radically limiting calories and/or exercising tremendously.

2. Bulimia:

Binging on large quantities of food and then ridding the body of calories by purging. This may include exercising excessively, forced vomiting or diuretics, or abusing laxatives.

3. Binge:

Regularly overindulging in large amounts of food without purging. Teenagers with eating disorders are often unaware of their condition and tend to believe that their eating and exercise habits are normal. Soon it becomes a toxic way of life that drowns out good sense or better judgment.

Anorexia has the highest mortality rate among psychiatric illnesses. About 2% of women suffer from bulimia during their lifetime. Bulimia is twice as common as anorexia.

Up to 95% of people with anorexia or bulimia are women, though recent studies suggest the ‘gender gap’ is less skewed than originally thought.

Self-image replaces self-respect and teens stop caring about the long-term consequences. They become paranoid about their size and may go to any lengths necessary to keep the weight off.

There is a list of top and best eating disorders centers for treatment and research for females and males battling anorexia disorder, bulimia, and binge eating disorder.

What are Eating Disorders

Symptoms of Eating Disorders:

  • Home environment (growing up around role models who diet or worry excessively about their weight).
  • Bullied by peers about weight.
  • Personality types such as perfectionists, chronic worries, or those extremely sensitive to criticism.
  • Genetics.
  • Being in abusive relationships.
  • Media influence or social pressure.
  • Mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, or onset stress.
  • Hormonal imbalance in the body.
  • Disturbing life events such as illness, divorce, or death in the family.
  • Cultural or personal taste preferences.

Some of the symptoms of teen eating disorders include losing a significant amount of weight or looking very thin, counting calories, food obsession, body shape and weight anxiety, frequent weigh-ins, excessive exercise, social isolation, lack of energy, feeling cold, hair loss cessation of periods and perfectionist behavior.

Eating disorders do not subside on their own and can get aggravated over time. Unhealthy eating patterns are easier to treat when detected early. Eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behavior surrounding weight and food issues.

Eating Disorder Treatment:

  • The individual, group, and family therapy
  • Medication and monitoring treatment
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Nutrition counseling treatment
  • Lifestyle coaching treatment

The scientifically balanced treatments stated above help escalate awareness and heighten self-respect. With awareness comes freedom. Once self-esteem is restored, most teens enter a new realm of positive possibilities that allow them to break the shackles of the old self-defeating negative patterns.

Slowly a shift towards constructive dietary choices (such as wholesome nourishing food) emerges that diminishes the fear of food, restores health by replenishing the body’s nutrient balance, and encourages the ingestion of nutrient-dense meals against empty calorie foods that add pounds.

Eventually, teenagers are able to develop healthier coping techniques to deal with life’s unavoidable difficulties, strategize to prevent relapse, and cultivate a deeply reverent nurturing attitude towards the body.

SOURCE: B-Positive Health Magazine

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